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La musculation bénéfique chez l'enfant et l'adolescent.

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Traduction de l'article : Strength training for children and adolescents: benefits and risks.
University of Ferrara, Department of Biomedical and Specialty Surgical Sciences, Ferrara, Italy

L'activité physique s'est avérée être un moyen efficace de prévenir plusieurs maladies et améliorer la santé générale. Cependant, dans la plupart des cas, des efforts légers à modérés sont proposées, aussi bien pour les jeunes que pour les adultes. 

La plupart des gens, y compris certains médecins du sport conseillent de commencer les activités sportives intenses (comme la musculation et l'entraînement pliométrique) à la fin de la croissance.
Toutefois, ces conseils semblent avoir un caractère essentiellement anecdotique. 

Le but de cette étude est d'évaluer les risques et les avantages de commencer l'entraînement en force, à l'adolescence ou même plus tôt, et de vérifier si les inquiétudes peuvent être fondées scientifiquement. 

La littérature actuelle ne semble pas avoir d'opposition particulière contre la pratique de l'entraînement de force par des enfants et des adolescents, à condition que certaines règles de sécurité soient respectées, comme l'autorisation médicale, l'apprentissage et le suivie par un professionnel de l'entrainement; et une surcharge progressive. 

Dans le même temps, plusieurs études fournissent des résultats cohérents qui soutiennent les bénéfices des efforts physiques répétés et intenses chez les sujets jeunes : 
L'amélioration de la motricité et de la composition corporelle (augmentation de la masse maigre et diminution de la masse grasse) avec une meilleure santé osseuse, ont été largement documentés, surtout si la pratique du sport a commencé très tôt, quand les sujets étaient pubères. On peut donc conclure que la musculation est une pratique relativement saine et sans danger pour les enfants et les adolescents.

Études : 
Exercise training in obese children and adolescents: current concepts
School of Human Movement and Exercise Science, The University of Western Australia,

Strength training for children and adolescents.
Department of Human Performance and Fitness, University of Massachusetts, Boston, US

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non RAS au niveau de la souplesse si tu travailles en amplitude complète. Avant j'étais raide comm un piqué et connu dans mon entourage pour ça. Mais avec la musculation j'ai énormément gagné ! Avant je touchais pas les orteils maintenant je peux choper mes talons..(grâce au soulevé de terre jambes tendues surtout).

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Il y a 1 heure , Amastar a dit :

Ok, j'avais cru entendre parler du fait que la musculation avait tendance à rendre les articulations plus rigide. 

Si tu bosses en amplitudes partielles, ton muscle va se rétracter, c'est à dire que par mécanisme de défense et d'adaptation, il va devenir plus fort sur une portion de mouvement plus réduite, au prix de la souplesse naturelle.

 

Et pas besoin de muscu ça. Quand on est bébé on est super souple, mais à partir du moment ou on marche debout, on ne fait plus certains mouvements et on s'enraidit. C'est une question de mécanique.

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Bien sure que non , mais fait aussi gaffes sur tes intensions :)

 

Toujour est- il que quand on es bébé ( un nourrisson ) , inutile et ce d'une manière bien mécanique , de vouloir grandir plus vite que les autres , c'est la fleur de l'âge qui le souhaite et non la raison .

Un bébé , si doux , si aimant , si et si vulnérable reste avec sa maman ou son papa . Mais pas ailleurs :icon_mrgreen:

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Le ‎02‎/‎12‎/‎2015 at 18:06, Amastar a dit :

Une petite question: commencer la musculation pendant l'adolescence peut-il provoquer une diminution de la souplesse ? Car j'ai remarqué quand j'ai pris de la masse musculaire que j'avais perdu un peu de ma souplesse "naturelle". 

L'idéal en sois serai de commencer la muscu après sa maturité osseuse, ligamentaire ....  et non avant , sauf si modération bien sur.

Après c'est juste un point de vu ciblé et compréhensible de la croissance de nos chérubins :thumbup2:.

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